Americans - Synthetic nation, a nation of immigrants. The history of the American people has left a definite imprint on his mentality and outlook.
For today's external migrations in the United States is characterized by the following features:
A. Over the past 10 years of the twentieth century migratory stream in the United States has declined markedly.
Two. The most significant flow of immigrants to the United States sent from Latin America.
Three. Most significantly reduce the flow of migrants from Europe and Asia.
4. Changing the direction of external migration has a significant impact on the ethnic composition of the population.
The main feature of modern ethnic processes in the U.S. - is turning the country into a multicultural society. At the beginning of 2000 one in three Americans had non-European origin. The ethnic composition of the U.S. population at the beginning of the XXI century. is as follows: white Americans of European descent - 67% blacks (negros) - 13% of Spanish-speaking Americans (Hispanics) - 11% came from Asia-Pacific (Chinese, Koreans, Vietnamese, Japanese and others .) - 8%, Native Americans (Indians, Aleuts, Hawaiians, etc.) - about 1%.
For internal migration in the United States is characterized by predominant north-south direction. This so-called process of "redistribution of population between the snow and sunny zones of the country." And to the north of the major cities are moving mostly "white" people, and the industrial north comes the Negro and other colored people.
The population of the U.S. in 2000 totaled about 270 million people. The demographic situation in the country in general favorable. Natural increase is higher than in most industrialized countries. He is about 7 people. per 1000 inhabitants.
In the U.S., one of the world's highest level of urbanization in the world. Back in the early twentieth century. it exceeded 50%. In recent decades, urbanization rates have declined slightly. In urban areas began to show the processes of suburbanization - overflow of the population (mainly white) in a suburban area and small towns of the central districts of large cities.
In the U.S., was formed more than 50 metropolitan areas with populations of more than 500 thousand people. The largest of them: New York, Chicago, Los Angeles and other coastal areas were formed in large agglomeration zones: Bosvash, San San (California), Priozernaya.