A few words about South America
Where ends the isthmus of Central America, begins with the name of the continent South America. It should be noted that South America is the 4th largest continent on the planet, it has a variety of natural systems and landscapes. There are forests, plains, mountains and deserts, but dominated over all this vast basin. Amazon and the Andes - a long chain of mountains. Stretching from north to south across the continent, the Andes are inferior in height only to the Himalayas and is the longest mountain range in the world. A lot of tributaries, streams and rivers that flow into the Amazon, carrying its waters across the continent to the shores of the Atlantic. This is how the Brazilian Amazon Basin, which are growing moist equatorial forests.
Initially, South America was inhabited by tribes of Indians. At present on its territory there are 12 independent countries: Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru, Argentina, Colombia, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Suriname, Chile, and Guyana. In addition, French Guiana - a country dependent on France. In the sixteenth century. Brazil was a Portuguese colony, and the remaining part of the mainland Spaniards reigned.
On the continent there is a constant climate - it varies from the equatorial zone, full of heat, to the north, near the equator, with some cool highland regions to the polar regions of frost in the extreme south, because there is close and before the ice of Antarctica.
Amazing Amazon, which is filled with rain water (each year it falls 2,65-3 thousands of millimeters), the river brings into the Atlantic Ocean every hour 643 billion liters of water. The river has its source in the Peruvian Andes, flows through the Amazon basin, which occupies 40% of Brazilian territory. More than half of all species of flora and fauna of planet Earth live here, numbering several million species of animals and plants.
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